There aren’t compulsory vaccines for travelling to South Africa. However, it is advisable the vaccine against tetanus diphteria, and depending on where you go or what activities you will do, the vaccine against Hepatitis B.
It is important to remember that in South Africa there is still malaria in the low altitude (below 1000 meters) areas of Mpumalanga Province (including Kruger National Park), Northern Province and north-eastern Kwazulu/Natal, to the Tugela River in the south. It is also important to remember that the highest incidence of the disease is from October to May.
The rabies vaccine is recommended if you can be at risk from contact with both wild and domestic animals. It is recommended in rural tourism trips.
Other recomendations to take in account are:
- Use a very strong mosquito repellent.
- Running water can be drunk in urban areas. But in the more rural areas it is better to boil it or drink bottled water.
- Avoid bathing in rivers.
- Wear sunscreen and hat if you are going to be on the street in the central hours of the day.
- Traveling with good health insurance, as public health is poor and private health insurance is very expensive.